Na2TiGeO5: Crystal structure stability at low temperature and high pressure

A. Waskowska, Leif Gerward, J.S. Olsen, A. Sieradzki, W. Morgenroth

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The temperature evolution of the lattice parameters measured from 295 to 125 K exhibits a small instability below T-c approximate to 278 K, indicating ferroelastic properties of Na2TiGeO5. The behavior is related to the specific crystal structure built of polyhedral layers with shared TiO5 pyramids and GeO4 tetrahedra, alternating with layers of Na+ cations. Antiparallel alignment of the short apical titanyl bond in adjacent rows of the polyhedral layer gives rise to spontaneous strain, when a distortion of the TiO5 groups occurs. Single-crystal structures determined at room temperature and 120 K suggest that {110} domains, developing below T-c, entail a tetragonal-to-orthorhombic symmetry change. The mechanism is attributed to a shortening of the O-O distance between the polyhedral layers, and to minor shifts of the positions of the Ti atoms and the correlated oxygen atoms along the c-axis. The structure distortion, however, is too small to allow any unambiguous determination of the symmetry-breaking effects. The bulk modulus and its pressure derivative have been determined as B-0 = 89(2) GPa and B'(0) = 4.0. A pressure-induced phase transformation takes place at P-c approximate to 12.5 GPa, presumably to an orthorhombic structure. The pressure effect on the transition temperature is given by Delta T-c/Delta P approximate to 1.76 K/GPa.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)815-821
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • phase transition
  • oxides
  • X-ray diffraction
  • thermal expansion


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