Mycoplasmas isolated from the respiratory tract of cattle and goats in Tanzania

L.J.M. Kusiluka, B. Ojeniyi, N.F. Friis, R.R. Kazwala, Branko Kokotovic

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    A microbiological study of the mycoplasma flora in the respiratory tracts of cattle and goats in selected regions of Tanzania is described. In the examination of cattle, mycoplasmas were isolated from 60 (17.8%) of the 338 examined lung samples, 8 (47.1%) of the 17 lymph nodes, 4 (13.3%) of the 30 pleural fluid samples and 4 (3.9%) of the 103 nasal swabs examined. All the isolates were identified as Mycoplasma mycoides subsp, mycoides, Small Colony type except for one isolate from pleural fluid which was identified as Mycoplasma arginini. M. mycoides subsp. mycoides, Small Colony type was isolated from samples originating from Dodoma, Iringa, Mbeya, Morogoro and Shinyanga regions where outbreaks of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia had been reported. In the examination of goats, mycoplasmas were isolated from 54 (34.0%) of the 159 examined lung samples, 41 (18.1%) of the 226 nasal swabs and 4 (40.0%) of the 10 pleural fluid samples. The species demonstrated were Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, M. mycoides subsp. mycoides, Small Colony type Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae and M. Capricolum subsp. arginini. The isolation of M. capripneumoniae in the toast and Morogoro regions confirmed the presence of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia in the regions.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalActa Veterinaria Scandinavica
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)299-309
    Publication statusPublished - 2000


    • pleuropneumonia


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