Mycobacterium leprae virulence-associated peptides are indicators of exposure to M. leprae in Brazil, Ethiopia and Nepal

Kidist Bobosha, Sheila Tuyet Tang, Jolien J. van der Ploeg-van Schip, Yonas Bekele, Marcia V. S. B. Martins, Ole Lund, Kees L. M. C. Franken, Saraswoti Khadge, Maria Araci de Andrade Pontes, Heitor de Sa Goncalves, Jemal Hussien, Pratibha Thapa, Chhatra B. Kunwar, Deanna A. Hagge, Abraham Aseffa, Maria Cristina Vidal Pessolani, Geraldo M. B. Pereira, Tom H. M. Ottenhoff, Annemieke Geluk

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    Silent transmission of Mycobacterium leprae, as evidenced by stable leprosy incidence rates in various countries, remains a health challenge despite the implementation of multidrug therapy worldwide. Therefore, the development of tools for the early diagnosis of M. leprae infection should be emphasised in leprosy research. As part of the continuing effort to identify antigens that have diagnostic potential, unique M. leprae peptides derived from predicted virulence-associated proteins (group IV.A) were identified using advanced genome pattern programs and bioinformatics. Based on human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-binding motifs, we selected 21 peptides that were predicted to be promiscuous HLA-class I T-cell epitopes and eight peptides that were predicted to be HLA-class II restricted T-cell epitopes for field-testing in Brazil, Ethiopia and Nepal. High levels of interferon (IFN)-gamma were induced when peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from tuberculoid/borderline tuberculoid leprosy patients located in Brazil and Ethiopia were stimulated with the ML2055 p35 peptide. PBMCs that were isolated from healthy endemic controls living in areas with high leprosy prevalence (EChigh) in Ethiopia also responded to the ML2055 p35 peptide. The Brazilian EChigh group recognised the ML1358 p20 and ML1358 p24 peptides. None of the peptides were recognised by PBMCs from healthy controls living in non-endemic region. In Nepal, mixtures of these peptides induced the production of IFN-gamma by the PBMCs of leprosy patients and EChigh. Therefore, the M. leprae virulence-associated peptides identified in this study may be useful for identifying exposure to M. leprae in population with differing HLA polymorphisms.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMemórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
    Pages (from-to)112-123
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • PROTEIN 10
    • HLA


    Dive into the research topics of 'Mycobacterium leprae virulence-associated peptides are indicators of exposure to M. leprae in Brazil, Ethiopia and Nepal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this