Multivariate approaches in plant science

D.M. Gottlieb, j. Schultz, Susanne Wrang Bruun, Susanne Jacobsen, Ib Søndergaard

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The objective of proteomics is to get an overview of the proteins expressed at a given point in time in a given tissue and to identify the connection to the biochemical status of that tissue. Therefore sample throughput and analysis time are important issues in proteomics. The concept of proteomics is to encircle the identity of proteins of interest. However, the overall relation between proteins must also be explained. Classical proteomics consist of separation and characterization, based on two-dimensional electrophoresis, trypsin digestion, mass spectrometry and database searching. Characterization includes labor intensive work in order to manage, handle and analyze data. The field of classical proteomics should therefore be extended to also include handling of large datasets in an objective way. The separation obtained by two-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry gives rise to huge amount of data. We present a multivariate approach to the handling of data in proteomics with the advantage that protein patterns can be spotted at an early stage and consequently the proteins selected for sequencing can be selected intelligently. These methods can also be applied to other data generating protein analysis methods like mass spectrometry and near infrared spectroscopy and examples of application to these techniques are also presented. Multivariate data analysis can unravel complicated data structures and may thereby relieve the characterization phase in classical proteomics. Traditionally statistical methods are not suitable for analysis of the huge amounts of data, where the number of variables exceed the number of objects. Multivariate data analysis, on the other hand, may uncover the hidden structures present in these data. This study takes its starting point in the field of classical proteomics and shows how multivariate data analysis can lead to faster ways of finding interesting proteins. Multivariate analysis has shown interesting results as a supplement to classical proteomics and added a new dimension to the field of proteomics.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhytochemistry
    Volume65
    Issue number11
    Pages (from-to)1531-1548
    ISSN0031-9422
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

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