Deconvolution has been applied to estimate the in vivo dissolution/release process of ketoprofen from a ketoprofen-dextran ester prodrug in pigs. The prodrug was given to three pigs at intervals of 12 hr and in seven doses corresponding to 4 mg ketoprofen/kg body weight. Frequent blood sampling was carried out at the first, third, and seventh intervals. Plasma steady-state concentrations of ketoprofen following the prodrug administration were between 2 and 4-mu-g/ml. The reference consisted of a single p.o. dose of parent ketoprofen (4 mg/kg body weight). For each pig the response following the multiple dosing was deconvolved with the reference response using an algebraic deconvolution procedure adopted from the literature. The obtained cumulated in vivo dissolution/release profiles revealed similar release rates for the three pigs and similar extents of release (59, 70, and 65%). The mean in vivo dissolution/release times (MDT) were calculated to be 5.4, 6.1, and 5.7 hr, respectively. In conclusion, following administration of the dextran prodrug the plasma concentration curves and the dissolution/release profiles are uniform, with small interindividual variations.
|Publication status||Published - 1992|