Multidimensional scaling of emotional responses to music: The effect of musical expertise and of the duration of the excerpts

E. Bigand, S. Vieillard, F. Madurell, Jeremy Marozeau, A. Dacquet

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Musically trained and untrained listeners were required to listen to 27 musical excerpts and to group those that conveyed a similar emotional meaning (Experiment 1). The groupings were transformed into a matrix of emotional dissimilarity that was analysed through multidimensional scaling methods (MDS). A 3-dimensional space was found to provide a good fit of the data, with arousal and emotional valence as the primary dimensions. Experiments 2 and 3 confirmed the consistency of this 3-dimensional space using excerpts of only I second duration. The overall findings indicate that emotional responses to music are very stable within and between participants, and are weakly influenced by musical expertise and excerpt duration. These findings are discussed in light of a cognitive account of musical emotion.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume19
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1113-1139
ISSN0269-9931
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • MULTIDIMENSIONAL scaling
  • acoustics
  • arousal
  • article
  • cognition
  • controlled study
  • emotion
  • emotionality
  • experience
  • geometry
  • human
  • human experiment
  • music
  • normal human
  • priority journal
  • PSYCHOLOGY,
  • FACIAL EXPRESSIONS
  • BRAIN
  • DAMAGE
  • RECOGNITION
  • AMYGDALA

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