Multichannel active control of random noise in a small reverberant room

Søren Laugesen, Stephen J. Elliott

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    An algorithm for multichannel adaptive IIR (infinite impulse response) filtering is presented and applied to the active control of broadband random noise in a small reverberant room. Assuming complete knowledge of the primary noise, the theoretically optimal reductions of acoustic energy are initially calculated by means of a frequency-domain model. These results are contrasted with results of a causality constrained theoretical time-domain optimization which are then compared with experimental results, the latter two results showing good agreement. The experimental performances of adaptive multichannel FIR (finite impulse response) and IIR filters are then compared for a four-secondary-source, eight-error microphone active control system, and it is found that for the present application FIR filters are sufficient when the primary noise source is a loudspeaker. Some experiments are then presented with the primary noise field generated by a panel excited by a loudspeaker in an adjoining room. These results show that far better performances are provided by IIR and FIR filters when the primary source has a lightly damped dynamic behavior which the active controller must model
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalIEEE transactions on speech and audio processing
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)241-249
    Publication statusPublished - 1993

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