Multi-material additive manufacturing of steels using laser powder bed fusion

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    669 Downloads (Pure)


    Most commercially available laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) systems are limited to process one material at a time. The ability to spatially apply multiple materials within the same component will strongly expand the available design space for engineers. A typical problem with multi-material components is stress concentration at discrete material interfaces. Functionally graded interfaces could be used to overcome this limitation. In this work, an open-architecture L-PBF system from Aurora Labs was used to mix and process stainless steel 316L and maraging steel MS1 powder. Thereby, continuous and discrete interfaces between both materials were generated and characterized regarding microstructure, micro-hardness, and elemental composition. An L-PBF process window was found to gradually change the composition of 316L to MS1 creating a continuous interface. The controlled mixing of the powders in each layer indicates the versatility of the powder dispensation setup for multi-material combinations. This contribution will further pave the way towards the development of functionally graded L-PBF components.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th International Conference and Exhibition (EUSPEN 2019)
    EditorsC. Nisbet, R. K. Leach , D. Billington, D. Phillips
    PublisherThe European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology
    Publication date2019
    ISBN (Electronic)978-099577514-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    Eventeuspen's 19th International Conference & Exhibition - Bilbao, Spain
    Duration: 3 Jun 20197 Jun 2019


    Conferenceeuspen's 19th International Conference & Exhibition


    • Metal additive manufacturing
    • Multi-material
    • Functionally graded components
    • Adaptive process control
    • MS1
    • 316L


    Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-material additive manufacturing of steels using laser powder bed fusion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this