Multi-Layer Resilience Paradigm Against Cyber Attacks in DC Microgrids

Subham Swaroop Sahoo, Tomislav Dragicevic, Frede Blaabjerg

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    Recent advancements in DC microgrids are largely based on distributed control strategies to enhance their reliability. However, due to numerous vulnerabilities in the communication layer, they are susceptible to cyber attacks. Hijacked cyber link(s) could affect the microgrid system reliability and operation in many ways. Therefore, the accuracy in detection of the compromised link(s) becomes very critical due to the dynamic relationship between the cyber-physical entities in DC microgrids. One of the most prominent attacks namely the man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack involves infiltrating the information between two communication nodes by a third-party. This paper proposes a multi-layer resilient controller to detect and mitigate MITM attacks immediately in DC microgrids. Firstly, the modeling of MITM attacks based on cooperative response, and degree of coordination of attack element(s) is discussed in detail. Further, a diverging factor (DF) based detection law is proposed to locate the compromised cyber link(s) and to identify the malicious signals in voltage and current counterparts. A multi-layer based event-driven strategy is then used to remove these signals by introducing multiple mitigation layers. Lastly, the proposed resilient mechanism in the presence of MITM attack is theoretically verified and validated using simulations and experiments.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)2522 - 2532
    Publication statusPublished - 2020


    • DC microgrid
    • Man-in-the-middle attack
    • Distributed control
    • Cyber-physical systems
    • Resilient controller


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