Multi-Energy System Demonstration Pilots on Geographical Islands: An Overview across Europe

Tatiana Gabderakhmanova, Mattia Marinelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewpeer-review

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Smart integration of different energy sectors on islands could serve as a key to achieve their energy independence and carbon neutrality goals and facilitate the large-scale penetration of renewables. Demonstration projects play a vital role in testing innovative sector-coupling solutions and exploring their synergies in the real-life environment. They also help to build the required market confidence and awareness, verify and enhance the societal acceptance, and identify and prevent unnecessary risks and complications. The aim of this paper is to provide the reader with a comprehensive review of 19 research projects, which concern the demonstration of sector-coupling technologies on European islands. The projects are funded by the European Commission and started between 2010 and 2020. The review focuses on the exploration of various technical aspects of 28 demo pilots. In addition, it addresses objectives, contributions, and novelty of the demonstrations and analyses barriers, challenges, risks, and success factors reported by project stakeholders. The paper intends to support the decision-makers on the identification, adoption, and replication of successful technologies. Moreover, it provides researchers and other interested parties with lessons learnt to ensure the successful project execution and technology demonstration in future projects.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3908
Issue number11
Number of pages26
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Sector-coupling
  • Multi-energy system
  • Islanded energy system
  • Decarbonisation
  • Technology demonstration
  • Research and development project
  • Renewable energy sources
  • Distributed energy technologies


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