Multi-dimensional population balance models of crystallization processes

Kresten Troelstrup Meisler

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesis

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Abstract

A generic and model-based framework for batch cooling crystallization operations has been extended to incorporate continuous and fed-batch processes. Modules for the framework have been developed, including a module for reactions, allowing the study of reactive crystallization within the framework. A kinetic model library together with an ontology for knowledge representation has been developed, in which kinetic models and relations from the literature are stored along with the references and data. The model library connects to the generic modelling framework as well, as models can be retrieved, analyzed, used for simulation and stored again. The model library facilitates comparison of expressions for kinetic phenomena and is tightly integrated with the model analysis tools of the framework.Through the framework, a model for a crystallization operation may be systematically generated and parameters for the simulation can be found in the database. A procedure for parameter estimation has been illustrated based on experimental work. The identifiability of the models has been discussed in relation to parameter estimation using sensitivity analysis. Some important identifiability issues have been investigated using the model structure to simulate perfect data and data with white noise added to it. It is found that the kinetic models may not be reliably estimated from the concentration profile using the parameter estimation procedure for both perfect and noisy data. The framework has been applied to case studies involving inorganic and organic compounds, including an active pharmaceutical ingredient (paracetamol) crystallized from different solvents. The case studies have been used to demonstrate the versatility of the framework.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
Number of pages222
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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