Morphological variation of the corona radiata in Oesophagostomum dentatum, O-quadrispinulatum, and O-radiatum (Nematoda: Strongyloidea)

B. Neuhaus, J. Bresciani, C.M. Christensen, C. Sommer

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The anterior end of 76 adult and of several juvenile Oesaphagostomum dentatum, of 75 adult O. quadrispinulatum, and of 70 adult O. radiatum (Strongylida, Nematoda) was investigated by scanning electron and light microscopy. Both an external and an internal ring of buccal leaves (corona radiata externa and interna) are present in O. dentatum and O. quadrispinulatum, whereas a single ring of buccal leaves occurs in O. radiatum. Remnants of external buccal leaves indicate that the single ring of leaves found in the latter species is homologous to the corona radiata interna of O. dentatum and O. quadrispinulatum. The number of buccal leaves of the corona radiata varies remarkably in adults of all 3 species. There are 9-12 external leaves in O. dentatum, 9-11 external leaves in O. quadrispinulatum, and 30-40 internal leaves in O. radiatum. Nine leaves are most common in both O. dentatum and O. quadrispinulatum, but the former species shows a higher frequency of individuals with more than 9 leaves. In O. radiatum, buccal leaves usually occur in even numbers and very rarely in odd numbers. Small, regularly arranged protuberances outside the ring of buccal leaves may indicate reduced leaves of the corona radiata externa. Juveniles of O. dentatum do not possess buccal leaves, but a thin cuticular velum in the fourth stage and neither a corona nor a velum in the second and first stage.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of the Helminthological Society of Washington
    Volume64
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)128-136
    ISSN1049-233X
    Publication statusPublished - 1997

    Keywords

    • Oesophagostomum dentatum
    • polymorphism
    • corona radiata
    • Oesophagostomum quadrispinulatum
    • Oesophagostomum radiatum

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