Monitoring programmed cell death of living plant tissues in microfluidics using electrochemical and optical techniques

Christina Mark, Kinga Zor, Arto Heiskanen, Jenny Emnéus, Martin Dufva, Christine Finnie

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    This project focuses on developing and applying a tissue culture system with electrochemical and optical detection techniques for tissue culture of barley aleurone layer to increase understanding of the underlying mechanisms of programmed cell death (PCD) in plants. The major advantage of electrochemical detection systems is that they can be miniaturized, multiplexed and automated without losing their performance[1,2]. Combining tissue culture with electrochemical and optical detection allows implementation of a wide range of assays for online, real-time, parallel analysis of important parameters such as redox activity, O2 and H2O2 concentration, pH, cell viability and release of target enzymes such as α-amylase. We have optimised an intracellular, whole-cell redox activity assay[3] that detects changes in redox activity in barley aleurone layer during PCD. The assay uses a double mediator-system to electrochemically measure redox activity via changes in the NADP:NADPH ratio. Experiments show that redox activity changes depend on phytohormone activation or inactivation of aleurone layer metabolism and subsequent PCD. We have also successfully detected PCD induced by phytohormones in barley aleurone layer using an optical double-fluorescent probe-system[4]. Currently, we are working on integrating both detection methods into a tissue culture system for immobilised plant tissues.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2014
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventPlant Biology Europe FESPB/EPSO 2014 - Dublin, Ireland
    Duration: 22 Jun 201426 Jun 2014


    ConferencePlant Biology Europe FESPB/EPSO 2014


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