Molecular tracing of VHS in Denmark

Susie Sommer Mikkelsen, H. Schuetze, H. Korsholm, B. B. Jensen, Morten Sichlau Bruun, Niels Jørgen Olesen

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    Abstract

    MOLTRAQ is a pan-European project that aims to increase knowledge on a wide array of economically important viral diseases in fish and molluscs on both the epidemiological and the genetic level. It centers on the use of spatio-temporal and phylogenetic information to create phylogeographic and scenario-simulation models to identify important factors for the spread of disease and to develop and evaluate new control strategies.

    Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Virus (VHSV) is one of the most important viral fish diseases and is widely spread all over Europe and creates significant losses every year for European fish farmers. VHSV has been endemic in Denmark since the 1950’s but after an effective control and eradication programme that spanned more than 45 years the virus was finally eradicated from Denmark in 2009.

    As part of MOLTRAQ more than 200 Danish isolates, including isolates from both marine and freshwater outbreaks, spanning from 1978-2003 were selected for analysis. The full-length G-gene was sequenced for all isolates and together with epidemiological information these data are being used to create phylogenetic and phylogeographic models to help infer the relationship between VHS outbreaks in Denmark and to look into the spread of the disease over a historical period as well as the effectiveness of containment and eradication programmes.

    Molecular tracing shows that the numerous VHS outbreaks in marine fish farms were due to stocking these with VHS infected rainbow trout in the incubation phase and not to infection with VHSV from the marine environment. From evaluating more than 400 VHSV isolates from Denmark it appears that evolution of low virulent VHSV from marine fish species is a very rare event and is most likely related to feeding with fresh fish which is now prohibited in rainbow trout farming.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2014
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Event18th Annual Workshop of theNational Reference Laboratories for Fish Diseases - Copenhagen, Denmark
    Duration: 3 Jun 20144 Jun 2014
    Conference number: 18

    Conference

    Conference18th Annual Workshop of theNational Reference Laboratories for Fish Diseases
    Number18
    CountryDenmark
    CityCopenhagen
    Period03/06/201404/06/2014

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