Molecular characterization of ochratoxin A producing strains of the genus Penicillium

G. Castella, Thomas Ostenfeld Larsen, J. Cabanes, H. Schmidt, A. Alboresi, L. Niessen, P. Farber, R. Geisen

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    Sixty-six strains classified as P. verrucosum based oil morphological criteria were characterized by molecular methods like RAPD, AFLP and ITS sequencing. Two groups could be identified by RAPD and AFLP analyses. The two RAPD as well as the two AFLP groups were completely coincidental. Strains ill the two groups differed in their ability to produce ochratoxin A, with group I containing mainly high producing strains, and group II containing moderate to non-producing strains. The strains from group I originate from foods, such as cheeses and meat products, while the strains from group II originate from plants. The ribosomal ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 sequences were similar, except for two single nucleotide exchanges in several strains of each group.A chemotaxonomical analysis of some of the strains identified differences between the groups in secondary metabolite production. Strains from group I possessed the chemotype of P. nordicum and strains from group II that of P. verrucosum. The differences at the RAPD and AFLP level, which parallel the chemotypic differences, are consistent with the recent reclassification of ochratoxin A producing penicillia to be either P. verrucosum or P. nordicum. The homolgy between the ITS sequences however indicates phylogenetic relationship between the two species.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalSystematic and applied microbiology
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)74-83
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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