Molecular basis of phospholipase A2 activity toward phospholipids with sn-1 substitutions

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Abstract

We studied secretory phospholipase A(2) type IIA (sPLA(2)) activity toward phospholipids that are derivatized in the sn-1 position of the glycerol backbone. We explored what type of side group (small versus bulky groups, hydrophobic versus polar groups) can be introduced at the sn-1 position of the glycerol backbone of glycerophospholipids and at the same time be hydrolyzed by sPLA(2). The biophysical characterization revealed that the modified phospholipids can form multilamellar vesicles, and several of the synthesized sn-1 functionalized phospholipids were hydrolyzed by sPLA(2). Molecular dynamics simulations provided detailed insight on an atomic level that can explain the observed sPLA(2) activity toward the different phospholipid analogs. The simulations revealed that, depending on the nature of the side chain located at the sn-1 position, the group may interfere with an incoming water molecule that acts as the nucleophile in the enzymatic reaction. The simulation results are in agreement with the experimentally observed sPLA(2) activity toward the different phospholipid analogs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiophysical Journal
Volume94
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)14-26
Number of pages13
ISSN0006-3495
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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