Modified Local Soil (MLS) technology for harmful algal bloom control, sediment remediation, and ecological restoration

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2019Researchpeer-review

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  • Author: Pan, Gang

    Nottingham Trent University

  • Author: Miao, Xiaojun

    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

  • Author: Bi, Lei

    CAS - Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences

  • Author: Zhang, Honggang

    CAS - Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences

  • Author: Wang, Lei

    CAS - Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences

  • Author: Wang, Lijing

    CAS - Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences

  • Author: Wang, Zhibin

    Chinese Academy of Sciences

  • Author: Chen, Jun

    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

  • Author: Ali, Jafar

    CAS - Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences

  • Author: Pan, Minmin

    Residual Resource Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Bygningstorvet, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Zhang, Jing

    CAS - Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences

  • Author: Yue, Bin

    Nottingham Trent University

  • Author: Lyu, Tao

    Nottingham Trent University

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Harmful algal blooms (HABs), eutrophication, and internal pollutant sources from sediment, represent serious problems for public health, water quality, and ecological restoration worldwide. Previous studies have indicated that Modified Local Soil (MLS) technology is an efficient and cost-effective method to flocculate the HABs fromwater and settle themonto sediment. Additionally,MLS capping treatment can reduce the resuspension of algae flocs from the sediment, and convert the algal cells, along with any excessive nutrients in-situ into fertilisers for the restoration of submerged macrophytes in shallowwater systems. Furthermore, the capping treatment using oxygen nanobubble-MLSmaterials can also mitigate sediment anoxia, causing a reduction in the release of internal pollutants, such as nutrients and greenhouse gases. This paper reviews and quantifies the main features ofMLS by investigating the effect of MLS treatment in five pilot-scale whole-pond field experiments carried out in Lake Tai, South China, and in Cetian Reservoir in Datong city, North China. Data obtained fromfieldmonitoring showed that the algae-dominated waters transform into a macrophyte-dominated state within four months of MLS treatment in shallow water systems. The sediment-water nutrient fluxes were substantially reduced, whilst water quality (TN, TP, and transparency) and biodiversity were significantly improved in the treatment ponds, compared to the control ponds within a duration ranging from one day to three years. The sediment anoxia remediation effect by oxygen nanobubble-MLS treatment may further contribute to deep water hypoxia remediation and eutrophication control. Combined with the integrated management of external loads control, MLS technology can provide an environmentally friendly geo-engineering method to accelerate ecological restoration and control eutrophication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1123
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number6
Number of pages16
ISSN2073-4441
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Deep water hypoxia, Eutrophication, Harmful algal blooms (HABs), Internal loads control, Oxygen nanobubble, Shallow lakes

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