Modelling the recruitment of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) throughout its European range

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2018Researchpeer-review

  • Author: Bornarel, Virginie

    Irstea, France

  • Author: Lambert, Patrick

    Irstea, France

  • Author: Briand, Cédric

    Institution Aménagement de la Vilaine, France

  • Author: Antunes, Carlos

    University of Porto, Portugal

  • Author: Belpaire, Claude

    Research Institute for Nature and Forest, Belgium

  • Author: Ciccotti, Eleonora

    Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy

  • Author: Diaz, Estibaliz

    AZTI Technalia, Spain

  • Author: Diserud, Ola

    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Norway

  • Author: Doherty, Denis

    Electricity Supply Board Ireland, Ireland

  • Author: Domingos, Isabel

    University of Lisbon, Portugal

  • Author: Evans, Derek

    Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, United Kingdom

  • Author: de Graaf, Martin

    Wageningen IMARES, Netherlands

  • Author: O’Leary, Ciara

    Inland Fisheries Ireland, Ireland

  • Author: Pedersen, Michael

    Section for Freshwater Fisheries Ecology, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Vejlsøvej 39, 8600, Silkeborg, Denmark

  • Author: Poole, Russell

    Marine Institute, Ireland

  • Author: Walker, Alan W.

    Cefas Weymouth Laboratory, United Kingdom

  • Author: Wickström, Håkan

    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

  • Author: Beaulaton, Laurent

    Agence Française pour la Biodiversité, France

  • Author: Drouineau, Hilaire

    Irstea, France

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European eel (Anguilla anguilla) recruitment has been declining at least since the early 1980s at the scale of its distribution area. Since the population is panmictic, its stock assessment should be carried out on a range-wide basis. However, assessing the overall stock during the continental phase remains difficult given its widespread distribution among heterogeneous and separate river catchments. Hence, it is currently considered by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) more feasible to use glass eel recruitment data to assess the status of the overall population. In this study, we used Glass Eel Recruitment Estimation Model (GEREM) to estimate annual recruitment (i) at the river catchment level, a scale for which data are available, (ii) at an intermediate scale (6 European regions), and (iii) at a larger scale (Europe). This study provides an estimate of the glass eel recruitment trend through a single index, which gathers all recruitment time-series available at the European scale. Results confirmed an overall recruitment decline to dramatically low levels in 2009 (3.5% of the 1960–1979 recruitment average) and highlighted a more pronounced decline in the North Sea area compared to elsewhere in Europe.
Original languageEnglish
JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)541-552
Publication statusPublished - 2018
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • GEREM, glass eel, panmixia, temperate eel, trend

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