Modelling remediation options for urban contamination situations

K.M. Thiessen, Kasper Grann Andersson, T.W. Charnock, F. Gallay

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The impact on a population from an event resulting in dispersal and deposition of radionuclides in an urban area could be significant, in terms of both the number of people affected and the economic costs of recovery. The use of computer models for assessment of urban contamination situations and remedial options enables the evaluation of a variety of situations or alternative recovery strategies in contexts of preparedness or decision-making. At present a number of models and modelling approaches are available for different purposes. This paper summarizes the available modelling approaches, approaches for modelling countermeasure effectiveness, and current sources of information on parameters related to countermeasure effectiveness. Countermeasure information must be applied with careful thought as to its applicability for the specific situation being modelled. Much of the current information base comes from the Chernobyl experience and would not be applicable for all types of situations.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
    Volume100
    Issue number7
    Pages (from-to)564-573
    ISSN0265-931X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Keywords

    • Radiation physics
    • Nuclear technologies

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