Modelling of plastic flow localization and damage development in friction stir welded 6005A aluminium alloy using physics based strain hardening law

Kim Lau Nielsen, Thomas Pardoen, Viggo Tvergaard, Bruno de Meester, Aude Simar

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Plastic flow localisation and ductile failure during tensile testing of friction stir welded aluminium spec- imens are investigated with a specific focus on modelling the local, finite strain, hardening response. In the experimental part, friction stir welds in a 6005A-T6 aluminium alloy were prepared and analysed using digital image correlation (DIC) during tensile testing as well as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) on polished samples and on fracture surfaces. The locations of the various regions of the weld were determined based on hardness measurements, while the flow behaviour of these zones was extracted from micro-tensile specimens cut parallel to the welding direction. The measured material properties and weld topology were introduced into a 3D finite element model, fully coupled with the damage model. A Voce law hardening model involving a constant stage IV is used within an enhanced Gurson type micro-mechanical damage model, accounting for void nucleation, growth and coalescence, as well as void shape evolution. The stage IV hardening, observed in Simar et al. (2010), was found to increase the stiffness during plastic flow localisation as well as to postpone the onset of fracture as determined by the void coalescence criterion. Furthermore, the presence of a second population of voids was concluded to strongly affect the fracture strain of the high strength regions of the welds. This modelling effort links the microstructure and process parameters to macroscopic parameters relevant to the optimisation of the welds.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number18-19
Pages (from-to)2359-2370
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Stage IV
  • Gurson modelling
  • Strain hardening
  • Aluminium alloy
  • FSW

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