Modelling of Devolatilization in Fluidized Bed Combustion

Mette Stenseng, Weigang Lin, Jan Erik Johnsson, Kim Dam-Johansen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A mathematical model is developed to describe the devolatilization process in a circulating fluidized bed combustor. The model is a combination of two submodels: single particle devolatilization and fluid dynamics. The single particle model includes the influence of both chemical kinetics and heat transfer on the rate of devolatilization.The results show a good agreement with literature data. The fluid dynamic model describes the main characteristics of a CFB: A dense zone in the bottom, followed by a splash zone and a dilute zone with a core-annulus structure. Each zone is modelled as a number of CSTR's and the size and number of CSTR's has been estimated from tracer experiments in an 80 MWth CFB boiler. It was not possible to evaluate the model against experimental data, but the dependence of particle size on the degree of devolatilization in the dense bed agrees qualitative with the expected behavior. The model shows that the devolatilization mainly occurs in the dense bed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Publication date1997
Pages117-124
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Event14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 11 May 199714 May 1997

Conference

Conference14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period11/05/199714/05/1997

Cite this

Stenseng, M., Lin, W., Johnsson, J. E., & Dam-Johansen, K. (1997). Modelling of Devolatilization in Fluidized Bed Combustion. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion (pp. 117-124). New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Stenseng, Mette ; Lin, Weigang ; Johnsson, Jan Erik ; Dam-Johansen, Kim. / Modelling of Devolatilization in Fluidized Bed Combustion. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion. New York : American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1997. pp. 117-124
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title = "Modelling of Devolatilization in Fluidized Bed Combustion",
abstract = "A mathematical model is developed to describe the devolatilization process in a circulating fluidized bed combustor. The model is a combination of two submodels: single particle devolatilization and fluid dynamics. The single particle model includes the influence of both chemical kinetics and heat transfer on the rate of devolatilization.The results show a good agreement with literature data. The fluid dynamic model describes the main characteristics of a CFB: A dense zone in the bottom, followed by a splash zone and a dilute zone with a core-annulus structure. Each zone is modelled as a number of CSTR's and the size and number of CSTR's has been estimated from tracer experiments in an 80 MWth CFB boiler. It was not possible to evaluate the model against experimental data, but the dependence of particle size on the degree of devolatilization in the dense bed agrees qualitative with the expected behavior. The model shows that the devolatilization mainly occurs in the dense bed.",
author = "Mette Stenseng and Weigang Lin and Johnsson, {Jan Erik} and Kim Dam-Johansen",
year = "1997",
language = "English",
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booktitle = "Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion",
publisher = "American Society of Mechanical Engineers",
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}

Stenseng, M, Lin, W, Johnsson, JE & Dam-Johansen, K 1997, Modelling of Devolatilization in Fluidized Bed Combustion. in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, pp. 117-124, 14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, Vancouver, Canada, 11/05/1997.

Modelling of Devolatilization in Fluidized Bed Combustion. / Stenseng, Mette; Lin, Weigang; Johnsson, Jan Erik; Dam-Johansen, Kim.

Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion. New York : American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1997. p. 117-124.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Modelling of Devolatilization in Fluidized Bed Combustion

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PY - 1997

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N2 - A mathematical model is developed to describe the devolatilization process in a circulating fluidized bed combustor. The model is a combination of two submodels: single particle devolatilization and fluid dynamics. The single particle model includes the influence of both chemical kinetics and heat transfer on the rate of devolatilization.The results show a good agreement with literature data. The fluid dynamic model describes the main characteristics of a CFB: A dense zone in the bottom, followed by a splash zone and a dilute zone with a core-annulus structure. Each zone is modelled as a number of CSTR's and the size and number of CSTR's has been estimated from tracer experiments in an 80 MWth CFB boiler. It was not possible to evaluate the model against experimental data, but the dependence of particle size on the degree of devolatilization in the dense bed agrees qualitative with the expected behavior. The model shows that the devolatilization mainly occurs in the dense bed.

AB - A mathematical model is developed to describe the devolatilization process in a circulating fluidized bed combustor. The model is a combination of two submodels: single particle devolatilization and fluid dynamics. The single particle model includes the influence of both chemical kinetics and heat transfer on the rate of devolatilization.The results show a good agreement with literature data. The fluid dynamic model describes the main characteristics of a CFB: A dense zone in the bottom, followed by a splash zone and a dilute zone with a core-annulus structure. Each zone is modelled as a number of CSTR's and the size and number of CSTR's has been estimated from tracer experiments in an 80 MWth CFB boiler. It was not possible to evaluate the model against experimental data, but the dependence of particle size on the degree of devolatilization in the dense bed agrees qualitative with the expected behavior. The model shows that the devolatilization mainly occurs in the dense bed.

M3 - Article in proceedings

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EP - 124

BT - Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion

PB - American Society of Mechanical Engineers

CY - New York

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Stenseng M, Lin W, Johnsson JE, Dam-Johansen K. Modelling of Devolatilization in Fluidized Bed Combustion. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion. New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 1997. p. 117-124