Modelling hand skin temperature in relation to body composition

Katarina Katić, Rongling Li, Boris Kingma, Wim Zeiler

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Skin temperature is a challenging parameter to predict due to the complex interaction of physical and physiological variations. Previous studies concerning the correlation of regional physiological characteristics and body composition showed that obese people have higher hand skin temperature compared to the normal weight people. To predict hand skin temperature in a different environment, a two-node hand thermophysiological model was developed and validated with published experimental data. In addition, a sensitivity analysis was performed which showed that the variations in skin blood flow and blood temperature are most influential on hand skin temperature. The hand model was applied to simulate the hand skin temperature of the obese and normal weight subgroup in different ambient conditions. Higher skin blood flow and blood temperature were used in the simulation of obese people. The results showed a good agreement with experimental data from the literature, with the maximum difference of 0.31 °C. If the difference between blood flow and blood temperature of obese and normal weight people was not taken into account, the hand skin temperature of obese people was predicted with an average deviation of 1.42 °C. In conclusion, when modelling hand skin temperatures, it should be considered that regional skin temperature distribution differs in obese and normal weight people.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Thermal Biology
Pages (from-to)139-148
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Hand temperature
  • Skin temperature
  • Body composition
  • Thermophysical model


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