Modelling, fabrication and characterisation of THz fractal meta-materials

S. Xiao, L. Zhou, Radu Malureanu, Andrei Lavrinenko, David Cooke, Peter Uhd Jepsen

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We present theoretical predictions, fabrication procedure and characterisation results of fractal metamaterials for the THz frequency range. The characterisation results match well the predicted response thus validating both the fabrication procedure as well as the simulation one. Such systems show the possibility of fabricating new THz devices like polarisers, polarising beam splitters etc. We set a goal to develop a method which is unambiguous but at the same time simple and straightforward. We assume that this can be done by observing the wave propagation inside a metamaterial slab thick enough to avoid transient effects. First, we formulated a retrieval method applicable to relatively thick slab when we can neglect the reflection from the rear interface [2]. Then phase and amplitude dependencies versus coordinates (cell number) allow the refractive index retrieving. Getting the input (Bloch) impedance from the reflection on the input interface serves to determine complex wave effective parameters. Extending the method further we developed the approach to determine both wave and material effective parameters through the Bloch-mode analysis [3]. The idea is to perform the Bloch mode expansion [4] of the field inside the metamaterial slab when it is illuminated with a plane wave incident from vacuum. Then we determine the effective refractive index from the propagation constant of the dominating (fundamental) Bloch mode. The Bloch and wave impedances are determined by definition as the proportionality coefficient between the electric and magnetic fields of the fundamental Bloch mode.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the fifth International Conference on Nanophotonics
Number of pages75
Publication date2011
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event5th International Conference on Nanophotonics - Shanghai, China
Duration: 22 May 201126 May 2011
Conference number: 5


Conference5th International Conference on Nanophotonics

Cite this

Xiao, S., Zhou, L., Malureanu, R., Lavrinenko, A., Cooke, D., & Jepsen, P. U. (2011). Modelling, fabrication and characterisation of THz fractal meta-materials. In Proceedings of the fifth International Conference on Nanophotonics (pp. O-36)