The relative contributions of within-channel and across-channel processes to perceptual comodulation masking release (CMR) were investigated in the framework of an auditory processing model. A generalized version of the computational auditory signal processing and perception model [CASP; Jepsen et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 124, 422-438 (2008)] was used and extended by an across-channel modulation processing stage according to Piechowiak et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 2111-2126 (2007)]. Five experimental paradigms were considered: CMR with a broadband noise masker as a function of the masker spectrum level; CMR with four widely spaced flanking bands (FBs) varying in overall level; CMR with one FB varying in frequency and level relative to the on-frequency band (OFB); CMR with one FB varying in frequency; and CMR as a function of the number of FBs. The predictions suggest that at least three different mechanisms contribute to overall CMR in the considered conditions: (1) a within-channel process based on changes in the envelope characteristic due to the addition of the signal to the masker; (2) a within-channel process based on nonlinear peripheral processing of the OFB's envelope caused by the FB(s); and (3) an across-channel process that is robust across presentation levels but relatively small (2-5 dB).
- Acoustic noise