A new approach for modeling the global distribution of ionospheric electric potentials utilizing high-precision maps of field-aligned currents (FACs) derived from measurements by the Orsted and Magsat satellites as input to a comprehensive numerical scheme is presented. We simulate the universal time (UT) effect in convection patterns caused by variation of solar luminosity and its effect on ionospheric conductivity. A rather complicated dependence of the convection patterns on the combination of UT and IMF clock angle is found. We consider different seasons and IMF conditions and find an increase of the daily variation in the cross-polar potential drop (U-PC) at the equinoxes and a decrease at the solstices. Under equinoctial and zero IMF conditions the U-PC can vary by a factor of two, while the convection cells keep their shape. The model predicts that the summer U-PC can be smaller or larger than the winter U-PC depending on the combination of UT and IMF clock angle. If a UT control of the FAC is introduced to the model, the U-PC does not vary more than 10% over the course of the day.
|Journal||Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
- ionospheric electric field
- field-aligned currents