Modeling the condensation of sulfuric acid and water on the cylinder liner of a large two-stroke marine diesel engine

Rasmus Faurskov Cordtz*, Stefan Mayer, Svend S. Eskildsen, Jesper Schramm

*Corresponding author for this work

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Corrosive wear of cylinder liners in large two-stroke marine diesel engines that burn heavy fuel oil containing sulfur is coupled to the formation of gaseous sulfur trioxide (SO3) and subsequent combined condensation of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and water (H2O) vapor. The present work seeks to address how fuel sulfur content, charge air humidity and liner temperature variations affects the deposition of water and sulfuric acid at low load operation. A phenomenological engine model is applied to simulate the formation of cylinder/bulk gas combustion products and dew points comply with H2O–H2SO4 vapor liquid equilibrium. By assuming homogenous cylinder gas mixtures condensation is modeled using a convective heat and mass transfer analogy combined with realistic liner temperature profiles. Condensation of water is significantly altered by the liner temperature and charge air humidity while sulfuric acid condensation (the order is a few mg per cylinder every cycle) is proportional to the fuel sulfur content. Condensation takes place primarily in the upper part of the cylinder liner where a reduction of the surface temperature or saturated charge air provides that the deposited acid can be highly diluted with water.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Technology
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)178–187
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Two-stoke marine engine
  • H2O–H2SO4-condensation
  • Liner corrosion
  • Phenomenological modeling

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