Modeling of optical fields in laser microcavities using a modal method

Niels Gregersen (Invited author)

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A compact microlaser featuring a high-Q cavity with a low mode volume V is of interest as it allows for a near-unity factor, thresholdless lasing and reduced energy consumption. However, whereas a high Q and a low V are easily achieved separately, combining the two poses a challenge. Furthermore, the cavity should allow for efficient out-coupling of light, which in low-V systems represents an additional design challenge. Engineering a microcavity meeting these demands requires a in-depth physical under-standing of the governing physical mechanisms of the system. In the low-V cavity, a central mechanism limiting the Q factor is the poor modal overlap between the cavity Bloch mode and the mirror Bloch mode. Also, the strong connement will generally lead to highly divergent far field patterns and thus low collection efficiency. In this scenario, Bloch-wave engineering [1] and the introduction of adiabatic transitions emerge as powerful design tools to control the optical mode.
In the modal method, the eld is expanded on the eigenmodes of z-invariant layers and on the Bloch modes of periodic sections. Using mode matching at the interfaces, the method gives direct access to re
ection and transmission coecients describing the scattering of the optical modes, and the method is thus highly suitable for Bloch-wave engineering of the low-V cavity. As example we have used the modal method to propose the high-Q submicron-diameter micropillar geometry implementing an adiabatic cavity design as illustrated in Fig. 1, which recently lead to the experimental demonstration of high- lasing in fabricated devices with factors exceeding 0.5. [2]
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMASOMO - Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation of Optical Modes in Photonic Devices : Abstracts
Number of pages1
PublisherWIAS - Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics
Publication date2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventMASOMO 2013 - Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation of Optical Modes in Photonic Devices - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 10 Apr 201312 Apr 2013


WorkshopMASOMO 2013 - Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation of Optical Modes in Photonic Devices
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