Series-biased arrays of long Josephson junction fluxon oscillators can be phase locked by mutual coupling to a high-Q, linear distributed resonator. A simplified model of such a device, consisting of junctions described by the particle-map perturbation theory approach which are capacitively coupled to a lumped, linear tank circuit, reproduce the essential experimental observations at a very low computational cost. A more sophisticated model, consisting of partial differential equation descriptions of the junctions, again mutually coupled to a linear tank, substantially confirm the predictions of the simplified model. In the particle-map model, the locking range in junction bias current increases linearly with the coupling capacitance; in the partial differential equation (p.d.e.) model, this holds up to a certain maximum value of the capacitance, after which a saturation of the locking range is observed. In both models, for a given spread of junction lengths, the existence of a minimum value of the capacitance for locking to a tank with a given resonant frequency is evidenced. Journal of Applied Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics.