Model Predictive Control for Smart Buildings to Provide the Demand Side Flexibility in the Multi-Carrier Energy Context: Current Status, Pros and Cons, Feasibility and Barriers

Yi Zong*, Wenjing Su, Jiawei Wang, Jakub Krzysztof Rodek, Chuhao Jiang, Morten Herget Christensen, Shi You, You Zhou, Shujun Mu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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In this paper, a state of the art review of model predictive control (MPC) for smart buildings to provide demand side flexibility with the purpose of enhancing a high penetration of renewables into the integrated energy systems is carried, including MPC current development status, pros and cons, implementation feasibility and practice barriers. A two-layer hierarchical MPC-based controller is proposed in a case study for a newly-built multi-family building in Copenhagen. The simulation results show that buildings, as a flexible load to the multi-carrier energy system, whose thermal mass is a heat buffer with a large storage potential, can contribute to the grid ancillary services (load shifting or flexibility), based on the economic incentives that the energy/flexibility market offers to end-users.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Pages (from-to)3026-3031
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event10th International Conference on Applied Energy - Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Duration: 22 Aug 201825 Aug 2018


Conference10th International Conference on Applied Energy
LocationHong Kong Polytechnic University
CountryHong Kong
CityHong Kong
Internet address


  • Demand side flexibility
  • Energy management system
  • Model predictive control
  • Multi-carrier energy systems
  • Smart buildings

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