Mode mixity analysis of face/core debonds in a single cantilever beam sandwich specimen

Vishnu Saseendran*, Christian Berggreen, Ronald Krueger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The single cantilever beam sandwich specimen has been proposed, as a fracture test standard for mode I peel loading. Critical parameters, including specimen dimensions, determine whether the crack propagates along the face/core interface in mode I during the fracture test. This paper outlines a parametric study based on a numerical method to examine local mode mixity conditions for a wide array of sandwich systems by varying several geometrical and material parameters. The thickness and modulus of the face sheet were seen to influence the mode mixity for most sandwich systems. Core Poisson’s ratio was shown to influence the local mode mixity and has the capability of driving the crack along the interface or into the core. The effect of the intact specimen length was analyzed and presented from a mode mixity perspective based on various elastic foundation modulus expressions. Reinforcement of the single cantilever beam specimen with stiff layers was also investigated numerically and compared with a similar analysis in the literature. The analysis presented in this paper shows that, despite reducing the global shear component, the local mode mixity condition deviated away from the mode I regime for several sandwich specimens. An appropriate foundation model along with a minimum loading rod length was one of the recommendations provided from the analyses, which may supplement the ASTM International standardization efforts.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sandwich Structures and Materials
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1879–1909
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Single cantilever beam
  • Sandwich
  • Debond
  • Mode mixity
  • Face/core interface
  • Phase angle
  • CSDE

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