Mode Hybridization in Silicon Core–Gold Shell Nanosphere

Hiroshi Sugimoto*, Tatsuki Hinamoto, Yusuke Kazuoka, Artyom Assadillayev, Søren Raza, Minoru Fujii

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

A dielectric core–metal shell nanosphere has attracted scientific and technological interests due to the unique optical resonances arising from the hybridization of surface plasmon modes and cavity modes. The previous studies focus on a low-index dielectric core without its own optical resonances. Here, optical resonances of a core–shell nanosphere with a high refractive index (n ≈ 4) core with the lowest order Mie resonances in the visible range are investigated theoretically and experimentally. Scattering and absorption spectra of a core–shell nanosphere for different values of the core refractive index are first analyzed, and there is a transition of the hybridization scheme around n ≈ 2. Above the value, a characteristic hybridized mode with strong absorption and weak scattering emerges in the near-infrared range. A core–shell nanosphere composed of a silicon core and a gold shell is prepared, and the resonance modes are studied by single particle scattering spectroscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) in a transmission electron microscope. The core–shell nanospheres exhibit the hybridized modes depending on the core diameter. The hybridized mode as well as the higher order one that is not observable in the scattering spectroscopy is observed in the EELS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2204890
JournalSmall
Volume18
Issue number45
Number of pages8
ISSN1613-6810
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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