Modal Properties of Photonic Crystal Cavities and Applications to Lasers

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Abstract

Photonic crystal cavities enable strong light–matter interactions, with numerous applications, such as ultra-small and energy-efficient semiconductor lasers, enhanced nonlinearities and single-photon sources. This paper reviews the properties of the modes of photonic crystal cavities, with a special focus on line-defect cavities. In particular, it is shown how the fundamental resonant
mode in line-defect cavities gradually turns from Fabry–Perot-like to distributed-feedback-like with increasing cavity size. This peculiar behavior is directly traced back to the properties of the guided Bloch modes. Photonic crystal cavities based on Fano interference are also covered. This type of cavity is realized through coupling of a line-defect waveguide with an adjacent nanocavity, with applications to Fano lasers and optical switches. Finally, emerging cavities for extreme dielectric confinement are covered. These cavities promise extremely strong light–matter interactions by realizing deep sub-wavelength mode size while keeping a high quality factor.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3030
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Number of pages29
ISSN2079-4991
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Photonic crystal(s)
  • Extreme dielectric confinement;
  • Light–matter interaction
  • Line-defect cavities
  • Nanolasers
  • Microlasers
  • Bloch modes
  • Fano laser

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