Mitigation of methane emission from an old unlined landfill in Klintholm, Denmark using a passive biocover system

Charlotte Scheutz, Rasmus Broen Pedersen, Per Haugsted Petersen, Jørgen Henrik Bjerre Jørgensen, Inmaculada Maria Buendia Ucendo, Jacob Mønster, Jerker Samuelsson, Peter Kjeldsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Methane generated at landfills contributes to global warming and can be mitigated by biocover systems relying on microbial methane oxidation. As part of a closure plan for an old unlined landfill without any gas management measures, an innovative biocover system was established. The system was designed based on a conceptual model of the gas emission patterns established through an initial baseline study. The study included construction of gas collection trenches along the slopes of the landfill where the majority of the methane emissions occurred. Local compost materials were tested as to their usefulness as bioactive methane oxidizing material and a suitable compost mixture was selected. Whole site methane emission quantifications based on combined tracer release and downwind measurements in combination with several local experimental activities (gas composition within biocover layers, flux chamber based emission measurements and logging of compost temperatures) proved that the biocover system had an average mitigation efficiency of approximately 80%. The study showed that the system also had a high efficiency during winter periods with temperatures below freezing. An economic analysis indicated that the mitigation costs of the biocover system were competitive to other existing greenhouse gas mitigation options.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWaste Management
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1179-1190
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Greenhouse gases
  • Methane oxidation
  • Whole landfill emission measurement
  • Compost
  • Temperate climate


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