Millimeter-Wave Response of All Metal-Organic Deposited YBCO Transition Edge Bolometer

Rana Nazifi, Roya Mohajeri, Zeynab Alipour, Iman Mirzaei, Mehdi Ahmadi-Boroujeni, M. A. Vesaghi, Jean-Claude Grivel, Mehdi Fardmanesh

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We report on the response of a monolithic high $\mathrm{T_{c}}$ transition-edge bolometer to about 3-mm-wave for the first time. The detector structure consisting of 400 nm $\mathrm{YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{7-x}}$ (YBCO) film on buffered Yttria Stabilized Zirconia substrate without any coupled antenna, shows bolometric type responsivity to the 3-mm-waves radiation at its transition temperature. The YBCO thin film and $\mathrm{Ce_{0.9}La_{0.1}O_{2}}$ buffer layer are both fabricated by the metal-organic deposition method. The meander line pattern of the bolometer is designed for obtaining maximum absorption and responsivity possible when the polarized radiation of the source is aligned with the pattern. Meander lines are 50 micrometers wide and 1.5 mm long. We have measured amplitude and phase of the response versus modulation frequency of the detector to the linearly polarized 95 GHz source, and the detector was biased at 5 distinct temperatures at the transition corresponding to five different electrical conductivities of the YBCO film. When the meander lines of the device are parallel to the incident beam polarization, the YBCO pattern is speculated to act as a dissipative antenna resulting in higher absorption leading to high magnitude of the response as observed. The results from the measured phase of the response versus modulation frequency are also in agreement with the discussed absorbed mechanism. The absorption of the YBCO pattern is also measured to depend on the electrical conductivity of the YBCO film and our results show that there is an optimum electrical conductivity for having maximum absorption for this detector. Simulation results for this structure confirm the experiments showing that at electrical conductivity value of $\mathrm{1.33\times10^{5}}$ S/m we have the maximum absorption for our device. These observations promise design of versatile THz and millimeter-wave detectors with potentials for applications in medical and security imaging.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2100105
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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