Microstructure of Precipitation Hardenable Powder Metallurgical Ni Alloys Containing 35 to 45 pct Cr and 3.5 to 6 pct Nb

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Abstract

Ni-based alloys with high Cr contents are not only known for their excellent high temperature and hot corrosion resistance, but are also known for poor mechanical properties and difficult workability. Powder metallurgical (PM) manufacturing of alloys may overcome several of the shortcomings encountered in materials manufacturing involving solidification. In the present work, six PM Ni-based alloys containing 35 to 45 wt pct Cr and 3.5 to 6 wt pct Nb were produced and compacted via hot isostatic pressing. Samples were heat treated for up to 1656 hours at either 923 K or 973 K (650 °C or 700 °C), and the microstructures and mechanical properties were quantified and compared to thermodynamic calculations. For the majority of the investigated alloys, the high Cr and Nb contents caused development of primary populations of globular α-Cr and δ (Ni3Nb). Transmission electron microscopy of selected alloys confirmed the additional presence of metastable γ'' (Ni3Nb). A co-dependent growth morphology was found, where the preferred growth direction of γ'', the {001} planes of γ-Ni, caused precipitates of both α-Cr and d to appear in the form of mutually perpendicular oriented disks or plates. Solution heat treatment at 1373 K (1100 °C) followed by aging at 973 K (700 °C) produced a significant strength increase for all alloys, and an aged yield strength of 990 MPa combined with an elongation of 21 pct is documented for Ni 40 wt pct Cr 3.5 wt pct Nb.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume45
Pages (from-to)4796-4809
ISSN1073-5623
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this

@article{794724bfff3e4b298741ad892333f8d0,
title = "Microstructure of Precipitation Hardenable Powder Metallurgical Ni Alloys Containing 35 to 45 pct Cr and 3.5 to 6 pct Nb",
abstract = "Ni-based alloys with high Cr contents are not only known for their excellent high temperature and hot corrosion resistance, but are also known for poor mechanical properties and difficult workability. Powder metallurgical (PM) manufacturing of alloys may overcome several of the shortcomings encountered in materials manufacturing involving solidification. In the present work, six PM Ni-based alloys containing 35 to 45 wt pct Cr and 3.5 to 6 wt pct Nb were produced and compacted via hot isostatic pressing. Samples were heat treated for up to 1656 hours at either 923 K or 973 K (650 °C or 700 °C), and the microstructures and mechanical properties were quantified and compared to thermodynamic calculations. For the majority of the investigated alloys, the high Cr and Nb contents caused development of primary populations of globular α-Cr and δ (Ni3Nb). Transmission electron microscopy of selected alloys confirmed the additional presence of metastable γ'' (Ni3Nb). A co-dependent growth morphology was found, where the preferred growth direction of γ'', the {001} planes of γ-Ni, caused precipitates of both α-Cr and d to appear in the form of mutually perpendicular oriented disks or plates. Solution heat treatment at 1373 K (1100 °C) followed by aging at 973 K (700 °C) produced a significant strength increase for all alloys, and an aged yield strength of 990 MPa combined with an elongation of 21 pct is documented for Ni 40 wt pct Cr 3.5 wt pct Nb.",
author = "Bihlet, {Uffe Ditlev} and Dahl, {Kristian Vinter} and Somers, {Marcel A. J.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s11661-014-2469-9",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "4796--4809",
journal = "Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science",
issn = "1073-5623",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microstructure of Precipitation Hardenable Powder Metallurgical Ni Alloys Containing 35 to 45 pct Cr and 3.5 to 6 pct Nb

AU - Bihlet, Uffe Ditlev

AU - Dahl, Kristian Vinter

AU - Somers, Marcel A. J.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Ni-based alloys with high Cr contents are not only known for their excellent high temperature and hot corrosion resistance, but are also known for poor mechanical properties and difficult workability. Powder metallurgical (PM) manufacturing of alloys may overcome several of the shortcomings encountered in materials manufacturing involving solidification. In the present work, six PM Ni-based alloys containing 35 to 45 wt pct Cr and 3.5 to 6 wt pct Nb were produced and compacted via hot isostatic pressing. Samples were heat treated for up to 1656 hours at either 923 K or 973 K (650 °C or 700 °C), and the microstructures and mechanical properties were quantified and compared to thermodynamic calculations. For the majority of the investigated alloys, the high Cr and Nb contents caused development of primary populations of globular α-Cr and δ (Ni3Nb). Transmission electron microscopy of selected alloys confirmed the additional presence of metastable γ'' (Ni3Nb). A co-dependent growth morphology was found, where the preferred growth direction of γ'', the {001} planes of γ-Ni, caused precipitates of both α-Cr and d to appear in the form of mutually perpendicular oriented disks or plates. Solution heat treatment at 1373 K (1100 °C) followed by aging at 973 K (700 °C) produced a significant strength increase for all alloys, and an aged yield strength of 990 MPa combined with an elongation of 21 pct is documented for Ni 40 wt pct Cr 3.5 wt pct Nb.

AB - Ni-based alloys with high Cr contents are not only known for their excellent high temperature and hot corrosion resistance, but are also known for poor mechanical properties and difficult workability. Powder metallurgical (PM) manufacturing of alloys may overcome several of the shortcomings encountered in materials manufacturing involving solidification. In the present work, six PM Ni-based alloys containing 35 to 45 wt pct Cr and 3.5 to 6 wt pct Nb were produced and compacted via hot isostatic pressing. Samples were heat treated for up to 1656 hours at either 923 K or 973 K (650 °C or 700 °C), and the microstructures and mechanical properties were quantified and compared to thermodynamic calculations. For the majority of the investigated alloys, the high Cr and Nb contents caused development of primary populations of globular α-Cr and δ (Ni3Nb). Transmission electron microscopy of selected alloys confirmed the additional presence of metastable γ'' (Ni3Nb). A co-dependent growth morphology was found, where the preferred growth direction of γ'', the {001} planes of γ-Ni, caused precipitates of both α-Cr and d to appear in the form of mutually perpendicular oriented disks or plates. Solution heat treatment at 1373 K (1100 °C) followed by aging at 973 K (700 °C) produced a significant strength increase for all alloys, and an aged yield strength of 990 MPa combined with an elongation of 21 pct is documented for Ni 40 wt pct Cr 3.5 wt pct Nb.

U2 - 10.1007/s11661-014-2469-9

DO - 10.1007/s11661-014-2469-9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 45

SP - 4796

EP - 4809

JO - Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science

JF - Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science

SN - 1073-5623

ER -