Microstructure and performance of La0.58Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3−δ cathodes deposited on BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ by infiltration and spray pyrolysis

Sandrine Ricote, Nikolaos Bonanos, Per Martin Rørvik, Camilla Haavik

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


La0.58Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3−δ (LSCF) cathodes have been deposited on proton-conducting BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3−δ (BCZY27) electrolyte and studied in symmetric cells to investigate the cathode microstructure and electrochemical performance. Three different types of cathodes have been prepared: two prepared from a solution, infiltrated into a screen-printed BZCY27 porous backbone (4 and 12 infiltrations), and one prepared by spray pyrolysis onto a polished electrolyte. In all three cases, LSCF is obtained after annealing at 700°C for 2h. Analysis of the electrochemical impedance spectra between 450°C and 600°C in air, with varying p(H2O), reveals that the charge transfer contribution is the lowest for the backbone-infiltrated cathode while the oxygen dissociation/adsorption contribution is the lowest for the spray-pyrolyzed cathode. The area specific resistances increase with the water vapor pressure. The area specific resistances obtained are 0.61Ωcm2 and 0.89Ωcm2 at 600°C for the spray-pyrolyzed LSCF cell in dry and humidified air, respectively; the corresponding resistances are 0.63Ωcm2 and 0.98Ωcm2 for the 12 times infiltrated LSCF cell. These resistances are the lowest reported for LSCF cathodes on Ba(Ce,Zr)O3-based electrolytes and show the promise of low-temperature fabrication methods for these systems.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Pages (from-to)172-179
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • BCZY
  • LSCF
  • PCFC
  • Spray pyrolysis
  • Cathode material
  • Infiltration


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