Microstructural investigations of pure nickel exposed to KCl induced high temperature corrosion

T. Jonsson, A. Slomian, Trine Nybo Lomholt, Saeed Kiamehr, Kristian Vinter Dahl

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Oxidation of 99?99% pure nickel was studied with and without 0?10 mg cm22 KCl(s) in an environment containing 5 vol.-%O2, 40 vol.-%H2O and 55 vol.-%N2 at 600uC for up to 168 h. Oxide microstructure was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), focused ion beam (FIB), broad ion beam (BIB) and SEM/EDX. Oxidised nickel shows an approximately parabolic oxide growth rate. The oxide scale is dense with some pores at the oxide/metal interface. Adding small amounts of KCl does not result in a faster corrosion rate of nickel. However, the surface morphology changes and small oxide crusts were observed in the vicinity of former KCl particles. This is proposed to be the result of a NiCl2–KCl eutectic on top of the oxide scale formed above 514uC. The oxide scale formed in the presence of KCl contains more and differently distributed voids than the scale formed without KCl.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials at High Temperatures
Volume32
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)44-49
ISSN0960-3409
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

This article is part of a special issue on Microscopy of Oxidation 9

Keywords

  • Nickel
  • KCl
  • High temperature corrosion
  • 600 C
  • Electron microscopy

Cite this

Jonsson, T. ; Slomian, A. ; Lomholt, Trine Nybo ; Kiamehr, Saeed ; Dahl, Kristian Vinter. / Microstructural investigations of pure nickel exposed to KCl induced high temperature corrosion. In: Materials at High Temperatures. 2015 ; Vol. 32, No. 1-2. pp. 44-49.
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title = "Microstructural investigations of pure nickel exposed to KCl induced high temperature corrosion",
abstract = "Oxidation of 99?99{\%} pure nickel was studied with and without 0?10 mg cm22 KCl(s) in an environment containing 5 vol.-{\%}O2, 40 vol.-{\%}H2O and 55 vol.-{\%}N2 at 600uC for up to 168 h. Oxide microstructure was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), focused ion beam (FIB), broad ion beam (BIB) and SEM/EDX. Oxidised nickel shows an approximately parabolic oxide growth rate. The oxide scale is dense with some pores at the oxide/metal interface. Adding small amounts of KCl does not result in a faster corrosion rate of nickel. However, the surface morphology changes and small oxide crusts were observed in the vicinity of former KCl particles. This is proposed to be the result of a NiCl2–KCl eutectic on top of the oxide scale formed above 514uC. The oxide scale formed in the presence of KCl contains more and differently distributed voids than the scale formed without KCl.",
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Microstructural investigations of pure nickel exposed to KCl induced high temperature corrosion. / Jonsson, T. ; Slomian, A. ; Lomholt, Trine Nybo; Kiamehr, Saeed; Dahl, Kristian Vinter.

In: Materials at High Temperatures, Vol. 32, No. 1-2, 2015, p. 44-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microstructural investigations of pure nickel exposed to KCl induced high temperature corrosion

AU - Jonsson, T.

AU - Slomian, A.

AU - Lomholt, Trine Nybo

AU - Kiamehr, Saeed

AU - Dahl, Kristian Vinter

N1 - This article is part of a special issue on Microscopy of Oxidation 9

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Oxidation of 99?99% pure nickel was studied with and without 0?10 mg cm22 KCl(s) in an environment containing 5 vol.-%O2, 40 vol.-%H2O and 55 vol.-%N2 at 600uC for up to 168 h. Oxide microstructure was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), focused ion beam (FIB), broad ion beam (BIB) and SEM/EDX. Oxidised nickel shows an approximately parabolic oxide growth rate. The oxide scale is dense with some pores at the oxide/metal interface. Adding small amounts of KCl does not result in a faster corrosion rate of nickel. However, the surface morphology changes and small oxide crusts were observed in the vicinity of former KCl particles. This is proposed to be the result of a NiCl2–KCl eutectic on top of the oxide scale formed above 514uC. The oxide scale formed in the presence of KCl contains more and differently distributed voids than the scale formed without KCl.

AB - Oxidation of 99?99% pure nickel was studied with and without 0?10 mg cm22 KCl(s) in an environment containing 5 vol.-%O2, 40 vol.-%H2O and 55 vol.-%N2 at 600uC for up to 168 h. Oxide microstructure was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), focused ion beam (FIB), broad ion beam (BIB) and SEM/EDX. Oxidised nickel shows an approximately parabolic oxide growth rate. The oxide scale is dense with some pores at the oxide/metal interface. Adding small amounts of KCl does not result in a faster corrosion rate of nickel. However, the surface morphology changes and small oxide crusts were observed in the vicinity of former KCl particles. This is proposed to be the result of a NiCl2–KCl eutectic on top of the oxide scale formed above 514uC. The oxide scale formed in the presence of KCl contains more and differently distributed voids than the scale formed without KCl.

KW - Nickel

KW - KCl

KW - High temperature corrosion

KW - 600 C

KW - Electron microscopy

U2 - 10.1179/0960340914Z.00000000060

DO - 10.1179/0960340914Z.00000000060

M3 - Journal article

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SP - 44

EP - 49

JO - Materials at High Temperatures

JF - Materials at High Temperatures

SN - 0960-3409

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ER -