Microstructural investigations of Ni and Ni2Al3 coatings exposed in biomass power plants

D. L. Wu*, K. V. Dahl, T. L. Christiansen, M. Montgomery, J. Hald

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The present work investigates the corrosion resistance of Ni and Ni2Al3 coated austenitic stainless steel (TP347H) tubes, which were exposed in a biomass-fired boiler with an outlet steam temperature of 540 °C for 6757 h. The Ni2Al3 coating was produced by electroplating Ni followed by low temperature pack cementation. After exposure, microstructural investigations were performed by light optical and electron microscopy (SEM-EDS). Electroplated Ni coatings were not protective in straw firing power plants and exhibited similar corrosion morphology as uncoated tubes. For Ni2Al3 coatings, the nickel aluminide layer was no longer adherent to the tube and was only found within the deposit. However, Ni2Al3 coatings had provided some protection compared to uncoated and Ni coated tubes. The formation of nickel chloride binds aggressive chlorine and slows down the active oxidation mechanism. In local areas, sulphidation corrosion attack of Ni was detected.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials at High Temperatures
Number of pages12
ISSN0960-3409
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • High temperature corrosion
  • Biomass firing
  • Ni2Al3 coatings
  • Plant testing
  • KCl

Cite this

@article{e8465e9579354f53ba587a44fb7527fd,
title = "Microstructural investigations of Ni and Ni2Al3 coatings exposed in biomass power plants",
abstract = "The present work investigates the corrosion resistance of Ni and Ni2Al3 coated austenitic stainless steel (TP347H) tubes, which were exposed in a biomass-fired boiler with an outlet steam temperature of 540 °C for 6757 h. The Ni2Al3 coating was produced by electroplating Ni followed by low temperature pack cementation. After exposure, microstructural investigations were performed by light optical and electron microscopy (SEM-EDS). Electroplated Ni coatings were not protective in straw firing power plants and exhibited similar corrosion morphology as uncoated tubes. For Ni2Al3 coatings, the nickel aluminide layer was no longer adherent to the tube and was only found within the deposit. However, Ni2Al3 coatings had provided some protection compared to uncoated and Ni coated tubes. The formation of nickel chloride binds aggressive chlorine and slows down the active oxidation mechanism. In local areas, sulphidation corrosion attack of Ni was detected.",
keywords = "High temperature corrosion, Biomass firing, Ni2Al3 coatings, Plant testing, KCl",
author = "Wu, {D. L.} and Dahl, {K. V.} and Christiansen, {T. L.} and M. Montgomery and J. Hald",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/09603409.2017.1389382",
language = "English",
journal = "Materials at High Temperatures",
issn = "0960-3409",
publisher = "CRC Press/Balkema",

}

Microstructural investigations of Ni and Ni2Al3 coatings exposed in biomass power plants. / Wu, D. L.; Dahl, K. V. ; Christiansen, T. L.; Montgomery, M.; Hald, J.

In: Materials at High Temperatures, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microstructural investigations of Ni and Ni2Al3 coatings exposed in biomass power plants

AU - Wu, D. L.

AU - Dahl, K. V.

AU - Christiansen, T. L.

AU - Montgomery, M.

AU - Hald, J.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The present work investigates the corrosion resistance of Ni and Ni2Al3 coated austenitic stainless steel (TP347H) tubes, which were exposed in a biomass-fired boiler with an outlet steam temperature of 540 °C for 6757 h. The Ni2Al3 coating was produced by electroplating Ni followed by low temperature pack cementation. After exposure, microstructural investigations were performed by light optical and electron microscopy (SEM-EDS). Electroplated Ni coatings were not protective in straw firing power plants and exhibited similar corrosion morphology as uncoated tubes. For Ni2Al3 coatings, the nickel aluminide layer was no longer adherent to the tube and was only found within the deposit. However, Ni2Al3 coatings had provided some protection compared to uncoated and Ni coated tubes. The formation of nickel chloride binds aggressive chlorine and slows down the active oxidation mechanism. In local areas, sulphidation corrosion attack of Ni was detected.

AB - The present work investigates the corrosion resistance of Ni and Ni2Al3 coated austenitic stainless steel (TP347H) tubes, which were exposed in a biomass-fired boiler with an outlet steam temperature of 540 °C for 6757 h. The Ni2Al3 coating was produced by electroplating Ni followed by low temperature pack cementation. After exposure, microstructural investigations were performed by light optical and electron microscopy (SEM-EDS). Electroplated Ni coatings were not protective in straw firing power plants and exhibited similar corrosion morphology as uncoated tubes. For Ni2Al3 coatings, the nickel aluminide layer was no longer adherent to the tube and was only found within the deposit. However, Ni2Al3 coatings had provided some protection compared to uncoated and Ni coated tubes. The formation of nickel chloride binds aggressive chlorine and slows down the active oxidation mechanism. In local areas, sulphidation corrosion attack of Ni was detected.

KW - High temperature corrosion

KW - Biomass firing

KW - Ni2Al3 coatings

KW - Plant testing

KW - KCl

U2 - 10.1080/09603409.2017.1389382

DO - 10.1080/09603409.2017.1389382

M3 - Journal article

JO - Materials at High Temperatures

JF - Materials at High Temperatures

SN - 0960-3409

ER -