Microstructural investigations of Ni and Ni2Al3 coatings exposed in biomass power plants

D. L. Wu*, K. V. Dahl, T. L. Christiansen, M. Montgomery, J. Hald

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    The present work investigates the corrosion resistance of Ni and Ni2Al3 coated austenitic stainless steel (TP347H) tubes, which were exposed in a biomass-fired boiler with an outlet steam temperature of 540 °C for 6757 h. The Ni2Al3 coating was produced by electroplating Ni followed by low temperature pack cementation. After exposure, microstructural investigations were performed by light optical and electron microscopy (SEM-EDS). Electroplated Ni coatings were not protective in straw firing power plants and exhibited similar corrosion morphology as uncoated tubes. For Ni2Al3 coatings, the nickel aluminide layer was no longer adherent to the tube and was only found within the deposit. However, Ni2Al3 coatings had provided some protection compared to uncoated and Ni coated tubes. The formation of nickel chloride binds aggressive chlorine and slows down the active oxidation mechanism. In local areas, sulphidation corrosion attack of Ni was detected.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMaterials at High Temperatures
    Number of pages12
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


    • High temperature corrosion
    • Biomass firing
    • Ni2Al3 coatings
    • Plant testing
    • KCl


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