Easily accessible biomarkers are needed to diagnose cardiovascular disease precisely-particularly, to distinguish between disease subtypes that are encountered in clinical practice. Per the hypothesis that plasma miRNA is valuable for this purpose, we performed complete transcriptional profiling of an miRNA discovery-set in 14 samples: three patients with ST-elevated acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) at baseline and after three months of follow-up, four with stable ischaemic heart disease (stable-IHD) and four healthy age-matched volunteers. Our aim was to determine whether we could distinguish patients with unstable plaques from stable patients following a STEMI event. After analysing miRNA profiles, we conducted a validation study comparing three-month STEMI (n=40) with stable-IHD (n=35), which confirmed that miR-486-3P differentiates patients with three-month STEMI from those with stable-IHD (P=0.019).
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- Coronary artery disease
- Diagnosis biomarker