Microplastics: Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark

Research output: Book/ReportReport – Annual report year: 2015Commissionedpeer-review

Standard

Microplastics : Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark. / Lassen, Carsten; Hansen, Steffen Foss; Magnusson, Kerstin; Hartmann, Nanna B.; Rehne Jensen, Pernille; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel; Brinch, Anna.

Copenhagen K : Danish Environmental Protection Agency, 2015. 206 p.

Research output: Book/ReportReport – Annual report year: 2015Commissionedpeer-review

Harvard

Lassen, C, Hansen, SF, Magnusson, K, Hartmann, NB, Rehne Jensen, P, Nielsen, TG & Brinch, A 2015, Microplastics: Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark. Danish Environmental Protection Agency, Copenhagen K.

APA

Lassen, C., Hansen, S. F., Magnusson, K., Hartmann, N. B., Rehne Jensen, P., Nielsen, T. G., & Brinch, A. (2015). Microplastics: Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark. Copenhagen K: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.

CBE

Lassen C, Hansen SF, Magnusson K, Hartmann NB, Rehne Jensen P, Nielsen TG, Brinch A 2015. Microplastics: Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark. Copenhagen K: Danish Environmental Protection Agency. 206 p.

MLA

Lassen, Carsten et al. Microplastics: Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark Copenhagen K: Danish Environmental Protection Agency. 2015.

Vancouver

Lassen C, Hansen SF, Magnusson K, Hartmann NB, Rehne Jensen P, Nielsen TG et al. Microplastics: Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark. Copenhagen K: Danish Environmental Protection Agency, 2015. 206 p.

Author

Lassen, Carsten ; Hansen, Steffen Foss ; Magnusson, Kerstin ; Hartmann, Nanna B. ; Rehne Jensen, Pernille ; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel ; Brinch, Anna. / Microplastics : Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark. Copenhagen K : Danish Environmental Protection Agency, 2015. 206 p.

Bibtex

@book{6aa5156376f4484f88cd537f79dc1c3e,
title = "Microplastics: Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark",
abstract = "This report contains a review of existing knowledge on issues related to contamination by micro-plastic with a focus on the use and release of micro-plastics in Denmark and the occurrence of micro-plastics in the surrounding waters.Micro-plastic defined as small plastic pieces of 1µm to 5 mm.Micro Plastics are detected in organisms at all levels of the marine food chain as well as in water and sediment.There are potentially three types of adverse effects of the micro-plastic: (1) physical effects related to the intake, (2) toxic response by the release of hazardous substances in the plastic and, (3) toxic reaction to the pollutants which are adsorbed to micro plastic. These effects are shown in laboratory experiments but not proven to occur in the environment.Although the majority of the micro plastics in the waste water end up in the sewage sludge, wastewater treatment plants are important potential sources of emission of the micro-plastics in the ocean.The most important sources of release of micro-plastics to the environment are tires, paints, road markings, textiles, etc. The report estimates that only minor significance to micro plastic used directly in certain products (for example, in cosmetics or for use in blowing agents).",
author = "Carsten Lassen and Hansen, {Steffen Foss} and Kerstin Magnusson and Hartmann, {Nanna B.} and {Rehne Jensen}, Pernille and Nielsen, {Torkel Gissel} and Anna Brinch",
note = "Environmental project No. 1793, 2015",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
publisher = "Danish Environmental Protection Agency",

}

RIS

TY - RPRT

T1 - Microplastics

T2 - Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark

AU - Lassen, Carsten

AU - Hansen, Steffen Foss

AU - Magnusson, Kerstin

AU - Hartmann, Nanna B.

AU - Rehne Jensen, Pernille

AU - Nielsen, Torkel Gissel

AU - Brinch, Anna

N1 - Environmental project No. 1793, 2015

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - This report contains a review of existing knowledge on issues related to contamination by micro-plastic with a focus on the use and release of micro-plastics in Denmark and the occurrence of micro-plastics in the surrounding waters.Micro-plastic defined as small plastic pieces of 1µm to 5 mm.Micro Plastics are detected in organisms at all levels of the marine food chain as well as in water and sediment.There are potentially three types of adverse effects of the micro-plastic: (1) physical effects related to the intake, (2) toxic response by the release of hazardous substances in the plastic and, (3) toxic reaction to the pollutants which are adsorbed to micro plastic. These effects are shown in laboratory experiments but not proven to occur in the environment.Although the majority of the micro plastics in the waste water end up in the sewage sludge, wastewater treatment plants are important potential sources of emission of the micro-plastics in the ocean.The most important sources of release of micro-plastics to the environment are tires, paints, road markings, textiles, etc. The report estimates that only minor significance to micro plastic used directly in certain products (for example, in cosmetics or for use in blowing agents).

AB - This report contains a review of existing knowledge on issues related to contamination by micro-plastic with a focus on the use and release of micro-plastics in Denmark and the occurrence of micro-plastics in the surrounding waters.Micro-plastic defined as small plastic pieces of 1µm to 5 mm.Micro Plastics are detected in organisms at all levels of the marine food chain as well as in water and sediment.There are potentially three types of adverse effects of the micro-plastic: (1) physical effects related to the intake, (2) toxic response by the release of hazardous substances in the plastic and, (3) toxic reaction to the pollutants which are adsorbed to micro plastic. These effects are shown in laboratory experiments but not proven to occur in the environment.Although the majority of the micro plastics in the waste water end up in the sewage sludge, wastewater treatment plants are important potential sources of emission of the micro-plastics in the ocean.The most important sources of release of micro-plastics to the environment are tires, paints, road markings, textiles, etc. The report estimates that only minor significance to micro plastic used directly in certain products (for example, in cosmetics or for use in blowing agents).

M3 - Report

BT - Microplastics

PB - Danish Environmental Protection Agency

CY - Copenhagen K

ER -