Microbiome Research as an Effective Driver of Success Stories in Agrifood Systems – A Selection of Case Studies

Rocío Olmo*, Stefanie Urimare Wetzels, Jaderson Silveira Leite Armanhi, Paulo Arruda, Gabriele Berg, Tomislav Cernava, Paul D. Cotter, Solon Cordeiro Araujo, Rafael Soares Correa de Souza, Ilario Ferrocino, Jens C. Frisvad, Marina Georgalaki, Hanne Helene Hansen, Maria Kazou, George Seghal Kiran, Tanja Kostic, Susanne Krauss-Etschmann, Aicha Kriaa, Lene Lange, Emmanuelle MaguinBirgit Mitter, Mette Olaf Nielsen, Marta Olivares, Narciso Martín Quijada, Marina Romaní-Pérez, Yolanda Sanz, Michael Schloter, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Sarah Craven Seaton, Joseph Selvin, Angela Sessitsch, Mengcen Wang, Benjamin Zwirzitz, Evelyne Selberherr, Martin Wagner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewpeer-review

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Abstract

Increasing knowledge of the microbiome has led to significant advancements in the agrifood system. Case studies based on microbiome applications have been reported worldwide and, in this review, we have selected 14 success stories that showcase the importance of microbiome research in advancing the agrifood system. The selected case studies describe products, methodologies, applications, tools, and processes that created an economic and societal impact. Additionally, they cover a broad range of fields within the agrifood chain: the management of diseases and putative pathogens; the use of microorganism as soil fertilizers and plant strengtheners; the investigation of the microbial dynamics occurring during food fermentation; the presence of microorganisms and/or genes associated with hazards for animal and human health (e.g., mycotoxins, spoilage agents, or pathogens) in feeds, foods, and their processing environments; applications to improve HACCP systems; and the identification of novel probiotics and prebiotics to improve the animal gut microbiome or to prevent chronic non-communicable diseases in humans (e.g., obesity complications). The microbiomes of soil, plants, and animals are pivotal for ensuring human and environmental health and this review highlights the impact that microbiome applications have with this regard.
Original languageEnglish
Article number834622
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume13
Number of pages23
ISSN1664-302X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Microbiome-based applications
  • Agrifood system
  • Multi-omics analyses
  • Success case studies
  • Food microbiome

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