Microaerobic conditions during the co-digestion of manure with straw; effect on process performance and microbial communities

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Abstract

Efficient treatment methods applied during anaerobic digestion (AD) of lignocellulosic substrates can favour the utilisation degree of biomass and subsequently, the sustainability of the whole process. The addition of limited amounts of oxygen to biogas reactors can boost lignocellulose’s deconstruction and increase biomethanation. In this study, the result of microaerobic conditions on AD process performance and also, on microbiome changes during the co-digestion of cattle manure with wheat straw was evaluated. It was shown that microaerobic conditions managed to improve the methane yield by approximately 7%. Conversely, the pH and volatile fatty acids accumulation were not significantly affected and thus, oxygen injection did not provoke any inhibition to the process performance. Regarding the microbial communities, a clear shift in the bacterial populations during the limited aeration was not observed. On the contrary, a few members of the archaeal community were found in higher relative abundance due to microaeration. Specifically, methanogens similar to Methanosarcina sp. and Methanobacterium sp. were further enriched and thus, performed more efficiently the methanogenesis step.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2017
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event15th IWA World Conference on Anaerobic Digestion Conference - Beijing, China
Duration: 17 Oct 201720 Oct 2017
Conference number: 15

Conference

Conference15th IWA World Conference on Anaerobic Digestion Conference
Number15
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period17/10/201720/10/2017

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