MgO as a non-pyrolyzable pore former in porous membrane supports

A. B. Haugen*, A. Geffroy, Andreas Kaiser, Vanesa Gil

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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The gas permeability of Y0.03Zr0.97O2 (3Y-TZP) porous supports from thermoplastic feedstocks has been improved by adding MgO as a non-pyrolyzable pore former. Common pyrolyzable pore formers such as graphite often produce tortuous and narrow pore channels with low gas permeability, limiting the performance of oxygen transport membranes or other membranes relying on gas transport to the active membrane surface. Thermoplastic feedstocks for extrusion of tubular 3Y-TZP supports were prepared with four different amounts of pyrolyzable pore formers and/or MgO as non-pyrolyzable pore former. The MgO was removed after sintering by leaching in acetic acid. With this technique we obtained porosities above 70 vol% and gas permeabilities above 3 10-14 m2. Compared to samples with only pyrolyzable pore formers, the non-pyrolyzable pore former increases the gas permeability and reduces the tortuosity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)3279-3285
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Gas permeability
  • Oxygen transport membrane
  • Porous ceramic
  • Thermoplastic shaping
  • Y-TZP


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