Methods for increasing the biogas potential from the recalcitrant organic matter contained in manure

Birgitte Kiær Ahring, Irini Angelidaki

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The biogas potential of manure could be significantly increased by treatment of the recalcitrant organic matter (biofibers) contained in the manure. Several treatment methods were tested. Mechanical maceration resulted in an average increase of the biogas potential of approx. 17% as shown by continuous stirred reactor experiment. In general the smaller the fibres the higher the biogas potential was. The best results showed an approx. 20% increase of the biogas potential with fibers smaller than 0.35 mm as measured by batch experiments. The increase was approx. 16% with fibres of size 2 mm. Chemical treatment of the fibres with bases such as NaOH, NH4OH or combination of bases also resulted in an increased methane potential. However, combination of maceration and chemical treatment did not result in a further increase of the methane potential. There was not any significant difference of the biogas potential from fibres in the range 5-20 mm. Treatment of the fibres with hemicellulolytic or cellulolytic enzymes did not result in any significant increase of the methane potential. However, biological treatment of the fibres of the manure with the hemicellulose degrading bacterium B4 resulted in a significant increase of the biogas potential of manure. An increase of approx. 30 % in methane potential was achieved compared to controls.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBiomass for Energy and Industry
    Place of PublicationWürzburg
    PublisherC.A.R.M.E.N.
    Publication date1998
    Pages145-148
    Publication statusPublished - 1998
    Event10th European Conference and Technology Exhibition: Biomass for Energy and Industry - Würzburg, Germany
    Duration: 8 Jun 199811 Jun 1998
    Conference number: 10
    http://www.gcrio.org/usiji/news/10th.html

    Conference

    Conference10th European Conference and Technology Exhibition
    Number10
    CountryGermany
    CityWürzburg
    Period08/06/199811/06/1998
    Internet address

    Cite this

    Ahring, B. K., & Angelidaki, I. (1998). Methods for increasing the biogas potential from the recalcitrant organic matter contained in manure. In Biomass for Energy and Industry (pp. 145-148). C.A.R.M.E.N..