Methane production enhancement by an independent cathode in integrated anaerobic reactor with microbial electrolysis

Weiwei Cai, Tingting Han, Zechong Guo, Cristiano Varrone, Aijie Wang, Wenzong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Anaerobic digestion (AD) represents a potential way to achieve energy recovery from waste organics. In this study, a novel bioelectrochemically-assisted anaerobic reactor is assembled by two AD systems separated by anion exchange membrane, with the cathode placing in the inside cylinder (cathodic AD) and the anode on the outside cylinder (anodic AD). In cathodic AD, average methane production rate goes up to 0.070 mL CH4/mL reactor/day, which is 2.59 times higher than AD control reactor (0.027 m3 CH4/m3/d). And COD removal is increased ~15% over AD control. When changing to sludge fermentation liquid, methane production rate has been further increased to 0.247 mL CH4/mL reactor/day (increased by 51.53% comparing with AD control). Energy recovery efficiency presents profitable gains, and economic revenue from increased methane totally self-cover the cost of input electricity. The study indicates that cathodic AD could cost-effectively enhance methane production rate and degradation of glucose and fermentative liquid.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume208
Pages (from-to)13-18
ISSN0960-8524
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Cathode
  • Energy recovery
  • Methane
  • Methanogenesis
  • Cathodes

Cite this

Cai, Weiwei ; Han, Tingting ; Guo, Zechong ; Varrone, Cristiano ; Wang, Aijie ; Liu, Wenzong. / Methane production enhancement by an independent cathode in integrated anaerobic reactor with microbial electrolysis. In: Bioresource Technology. 2016 ; Vol. 208. pp. 13-18.
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abstract = "Anaerobic digestion (AD) represents a potential way to achieve energy recovery from waste organics. In this study, a novel bioelectrochemically-assisted anaerobic reactor is assembled by two AD systems separated by anion exchange membrane, with the cathode placing in the inside cylinder (cathodic AD) and the anode on the outside cylinder (anodic AD). In cathodic AD, average methane production rate goes up to 0.070 mL CH4/mL reactor/day, which is 2.59 times higher than AD control reactor (0.027 m3 CH4/m3/d). And COD removal is increased ~15{\%} over AD control. When changing to sludge fermentation liquid, methane production rate has been further increased to 0.247 mL CH4/mL reactor/day (increased by 51.53{\%} comparing with AD control). Energy recovery efficiency presents profitable gains, and economic revenue from increased methane totally self-cover the cost of input electricity. The study indicates that cathodic AD could cost-effectively enhance methane production rate and degradation of glucose and fermentative liquid.",
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Methane production enhancement by an independent cathode in integrated anaerobic reactor with microbial electrolysis. / Cai, Weiwei; Han, Tingting; Guo, Zechong; Varrone, Cristiano; Wang, Aijie; Liu, Wenzong.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 208, 2016, p. 13-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Methane production enhancement by an independent cathode in integrated anaerobic reactor with microbial electrolysis

AU - Cai, Weiwei

AU - Han, Tingting

AU - Guo, Zechong

AU - Varrone, Cristiano

AU - Wang, Aijie

AU - Liu, Wenzong

PY - 2016

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N2 - Anaerobic digestion (AD) represents a potential way to achieve energy recovery from waste organics. In this study, a novel bioelectrochemically-assisted anaerobic reactor is assembled by two AD systems separated by anion exchange membrane, with the cathode placing in the inside cylinder (cathodic AD) and the anode on the outside cylinder (anodic AD). In cathodic AD, average methane production rate goes up to 0.070 mL CH4/mL reactor/day, which is 2.59 times higher than AD control reactor (0.027 m3 CH4/m3/d). And COD removal is increased ~15% over AD control. When changing to sludge fermentation liquid, methane production rate has been further increased to 0.247 mL CH4/mL reactor/day (increased by 51.53% comparing with AD control). Energy recovery efficiency presents profitable gains, and economic revenue from increased methane totally self-cover the cost of input electricity. The study indicates that cathodic AD could cost-effectively enhance methane production rate and degradation of glucose and fermentative liquid.

AB - Anaerobic digestion (AD) represents a potential way to achieve energy recovery from waste organics. In this study, a novel bioelectrochemically-assisted anaerobic reactor is assembled by two AD systems separated by anion exchange membrane, with the cathode placing in the inside cylinder (cathodic AD) and the anode on the outside cylinder (anodic AD). In cathodic AD, average methane production rate goes up to 0.070 mL CH4/mL reactor/day, which is 2.59 times higher than AD control reactor (0.027 m3 CH4/m3/d). And COD removal is increased ~15% over AD control. When changing to sludge fermentation liquid, methane production rate has been further increased to 0.247 mL CH4/mL reactor/day (increased by 51.53% comparing with AD control). Energy recovery efficiency presents profitable gains, and economic revenue from increased methane totally self-cover the cost of input electricity. The study indicates that cathodic AD could cost-effectively enhance methane production rate and degradation of glucose and fermentative liquid.

KW - Anaerobic digestion

KW - Cathode

KW - Energy recovery

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KW - Methanogenesis

KW - Cathodes

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SN - 0960-8524

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