Metacognition in Creativity: Process Awareness Used to Facilitate the Creative Process

Dagný Valgeirsdóttir, Balder Onarheim

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    The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of ‘process awareness’
    on the creative process of a design team. Process awareness is a cognitive creativity skill which entails actions derived from instances where individuals in the design team express knowledge of underlying cognitive processes and -aspects and utilize it to facilitate their own- and their team’s creative process. Transcripts from sessions where the design team was working creatively were analyzed both top-down and bottom-up, through quantitative coding, using a coding scheme, and qualitative coding. This was done to ensure capture of
    all instances of process awareness. Through this iterative process it was revealed that process awareness was predominantly observed in creativity related tasks. Moreover three distinct facets to process awareness emerged; planning, monitoring and reflecting, which were employed respectively before, during and after initiating a process and/or a workshop. We conclude that process awareness is an important creativity skill, being a crucial mechanism to enhance all stages of the creative process. If a designer becomes able to plan, monitor and reflect on his or her own cognitive processes, as well as other team
    members, he or she will be able to understand what works and what does not for advancing the creative process. In turn, that enables the designer to become more strategic about which actions are appropriate and at what time they are most usefully deployed; making the use of strategies, methods and tools not just an automatic procedure but a highly conscious and purposeful one.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAnalysing Design Thinking: Studies of Cross Cultural Co-Creation
    Number of pages14
    PublisherCRC Press
    Publication date2017
    ISBN (Print)9781138748446
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    Event11th Design Thinking Research Symposium - Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Duration: 13 Nov 201615 Nov 2016


    Conference11th Design Thinking Research Symposium
    LocationCopenhagen Business School
    Internet address

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