A recently developed method for analyzing metabolic networks using C-13-labels was employed for investigating the metabolism of a high- and a low-yielding strain of Penicillium chrysogenum. Under penicillin-producing conditions, the flux through the pentose phosphate (PP) pathway in the high- and the low-yielding strains was estimated to 70 and 66, respectively. When the high-yielding strain was cultivated in a medium without the penicillin side chain precursor, phenoxyacetic acid, the PP pathway flux was estimated as 71. Thus, in all three experiments, the flux through the PP pathway was almost constant with an average value of 69 +/- 3, and the method therefore allows for a very reproducible estimation of the PP pathway flux. Phenoxyacetic acid was found to be a source of cytosolic acetyl-CoA and thereby a source of precursors for the biosynthesis of 2-aminoadipic acid, which is a central amino acid in penicillin biosynthesis. However, the labeling patterns also indicated the presence of an unrecognized pathway to cytosolic acetyl-CoA.
|Journal||Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|