Mechanical Behaviour of Glassy Composite Seals for IT-SOFC Application

Karsten Agersted Nielsen, Mette Solvang, Sofie Birkedal Lund Nielsen, Dustin Beeaff

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review


    Glass-based sealants have been developed with emphasis on filler material and surface treatment of the sealing components in order to optimise their mechanical and functional behaviour during the initial sealing process as well as during thermal cycling of the SOFC-stack after exposure to operating conditions. The bonding strength and microstructure of the interfaces between composite seals and interconnect materials were investigated as a function of surface treatment of the sealing surfaces, glass matrix composition, sealing pressure and temperature. The initial sealing performance and resistance to thermal cycling were then investigated on selected combinations of materials after ageing. Strongest bonding between sodium aluminosilicate glass composite and steel surfaces was obtained for sealing at 850°C. For the strongest interface, having shear strength of 2.35 MPa, rupture occurred in the glass matrix, meaning that the glass-steel interfaces are, in this case, even stronger. Application of transition metal oxide coatings on etched surfaces of Crofer 22APU steel showed a significant improvement in the development of a seamless transition zone between metal and glass, whereas the same coatings on a sanded surface showed no influence on the bonding strength, which on the other hand were all recorded at a fairly high level, only 15-20% less than the 2.35 MPa seen for the glass. Ageing and thermal cycling of sealed samples did not deteriorate the recorded strength.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCeramic Engineering and Science Proceedings
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)315-323
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    Event30th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 2 - Cocoa Beach, Fl, United States
    Duration: 22 Jan 200626 Jan 2006
    Conference number: 30


    Conference30th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CityCocoa Beach, Fl


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