High tensile strength, good resistance to degradation and creep, low weight and, to some extent, the ability to change the modulus of elasticity are some of the advantages of using prestressed, unidirectional FRP (Fibre Reinforced Polymer) tendon systems. Bonded and non-bonded versions of these systems have been investigated over the last three decades with results showing that prestressing systems can be very efficient when the FRP properties are properly exploited. However, there are often concerns as to how to exploit those properties to the full and how to achieve reliable anchorage with such systems. This is especially important in external post-tensioned tendon systems, where the anchorage points are exposed to the full load throughout the life span of the structure. Consequently, there are large requirements related to the long-term capacity and fatigue resistance of such systems. Several anchorage systems for use with Aramid, Glass and Carbon FRP tendons have been proposed over the last two decades. Each system is usually tailored to a particular type of tendon. This paper presents a brief overview of bonded anchorage applications while the primary literature review discusses three methods of mechanical anchorage: spike, wedge and clamping. Some proposals for future research are suggested. In general, the systems investigated showed inconsistent results with a small difference between achieving either a successful or an unsuccessful anchorage. These inconsistencies seem to be due to the brittleness of the tendons, low strength perpendicular to the fibre direction and insufficient stress transfer in the anchorage/tendon interface. As a result, anchorage failure modes tend to be excessive principal stresses, local crushing and interfacial slippage (abrasive wear), all of which are difficult to predict.
- FEM analysis
- Laboratory tests