Measurement of liquid-liquid equilibria for condensate + glycol and condensate + glycol + water systems

Muhammad Riaz, Georgios Kontogeorgis, Erling Halfdan Stenby, Wei Yan, Toril Haugum, Kjersti O. Christensen, Torbjørn V. Løkken, Even Solbraa

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Abstract

Today's oil and gas production requires the application of various chemicals in large amounts. To evaluate the effects of those chemicals on the environment, it is of crucial importance to know how much of the chemicals are discharged via produced water and how much is dissolved in the crude oil. The ultimate objective of this work is to develop a predictive thermodynamic model for the mutual solubility of oil, water, and polar chemicals. But for the development and validation of the model, experimental data are required. This work presents new experimental liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) data for 1,2-ethanediol (MEG) + condensate and MEG + water + condensate systems at temperatures from (275 to 323) K at atmospheric pressure. The condensate used in this work is a stabilized natural gas condensate from an offshore field in the North Sea. Compositional analysis of the natural gas condensate was carried out by gas chromatography, and detailed separation of individual condensate's components has been carried out. Approximately 85 peaks eluting before nonane were identified by their retention time. Peak areas were converted to mass fraction using 1-heptene as an internal standard. The components were divided into boiling range groups from hexane to nonane. Paraffinic (P), naphthenic (N), and aromatic (A) distributions were obtained for the boiling point fractions up to nonane. The average molar mass and the overall density of the condensate were measured experimentally. For the mutual solubility of MEG and condensate, approximately 72 component peaks could be detected up to nonane and many components from decane plus carbon fraction. Their solubility was quantified, and the sum was reported as solubility of condensate in MEG. A similar procedure was adopted for the MEG, condensate, and water system, but because of the presence of water, the solubility of condensate in the polar phase decreases, and some of the components were not detectable. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Volume56
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)4342-4351
ISSN0021-9568
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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